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Est-ce que ça sert à quelque chose de faire des études ?
Is studying worth it?
Mark Zuckerberg, Bill Gates, Michael Dell... Trois hommes qui ont trois points communs.
Mark Zuckerberg, Bill Gates, Michael Dell... Three men who have three things in common.
Un : ils sont riches.
One: they are rich.
Deux : ils font la une des magazines.
Two: they make magazine front pages.
Et trois : ils n'ont pas fini leurs études.
And three: they did not complete their studies.
Des gens comme ça, il y en a plein aux États-Unis mais il y en aussi en France.
There are plenty of people like that in the United States but there are also some in France.
Xavier Niel a arrêté ses études en prépa.
Xavier Niel stopped his studies in cram school.
Le maire de Nice n'a pas son bac.
The mayor of Nice does not have his baccalaureate.
Et Fabrice Luchini a quitté l'école à 13 ans. "J'ai quitté l'école à 13 ans !"
And Fabrice Luchini left school at 13. "I left school when I was 13!"
Plusieurs d'entre eux, d'ailleurs, ne se contentent pas de ne pas avoir fait d'études. Ils le revendiquent !
Many of them, by the way, go further and boast about it.
"Comment réussir sans diplômes ?"
"How to succeed without diplomas?"
Lui, c'est l'entrepreneur Olivier Roland.
He is the entrepreneur Olivier Roland.
Il a arrêté ses études pour lancer une boîte d'informatique.
He stopped his studies to launch an IT company.
Puis il est devenu Youtubeur, blogueur professionnel, et conférencier.
Then he became a Youtuber, a professional blogger, and a speaker.
"J'essaie de montrer qu'il faut arrêter de voir le système éducatif comme une sorte de vache sacrée intouchable qu'on n'a pas le droit de critiquer.
"I'm trying to show that we have to stop seeing the education system as a sort of untouchable sacred cow that we do not have the right to criticize.
Je pense qu'on est de plus en plus nombreux à voir qu'il y a une inadéquation de plus en plus importante entre, eh bien, ce système et puis le monde qui avance de plus en plus vite."
I think we are more and more to see that there is a growing mismatch between, well, this system and then a world that is moving faster and faster. "
Conséquence ou non de tout cela, selon un sondage mené par le cabinet Deloitte, un quart des bac +5 considèrent aujourd'hui leur diplôme inutile pour trouver un emploi.
As a consequence of all this, according to a survey conducted by Deloitte, a quarter of Masters graduates now consider their degree useless to find a job.
Mais alors, est-ce que ces gens ont raison ?
But then, are these people right?
Faut-il arrêter ses études pour entrer directement à l'école de la vie ?
Should one stop studying to enter the school of life directly?
Eh bien, en un mot : non. Et ce pour au moins trois raisons.
Well, in a word: no. And this for at least three reasons.
Premièrement, le travail.
Firstly, employment.
Certes, le taux de chômage des nouveaux diplômés est aujourd'hui de 11% mais celui des non diplômés entrés récemment sur le marché du travail est lui de 52,4%.
Admittedly, the unemployment rate for new graduates is now 11%, but that of the non-graduates who recently entered the labor market is 52.4%.
Pire, depuis 2006, le chômage des non diplômés a augmenté dix fois plus que celui des diplômés.
Worse, since 2006, unemployment among non-graduates has increased ten times more than that of graduates.
En somme, avoir un diplôme ne protège pas du chômage, mais l'alternative, qui est de ne pas en avoir, protège encore moins du chômage.
In short, having a diploma does not protect against unemployment, but the alternative, which is not to have one, protects even less against unemployment.
Deuxièmement, l'argent.
Secondly, money.
Si vous trouvez un emploi en étant diplômé, vous gagnerez mieux votre vie que si vous n'aviez pas de diplôme.
If you find a job as a graduate, you will earn a better living than if you did not have a degree.
Ainsi, dans les pays membres de l'OCDE, les gens qui ont validé au moins trois ans d'études supérieures gagnent en moyenne 56% de plus que ceux qui n'ont que le bac.
For example, in OECD member countries, people who have validated at least three years of higher education earn on average 56% more than those who have only the baccalaureate.
Troisièmement, la joie de vivre.
Third, the joy of living.
Selon l'OCDE toujours, il y a deux fois plus de dépressifs chez les non diplômés que chez les gens qui ont au moins une licence.
According to the OECD again, there are twice as many depressives among non-graduates as among people who have at least a bachelor degree.
Alors franchement, quoiqu'en disent certains, faire des études, c'est mieux que de ne pas en faire.
So frankly, whatever some say, studying is better than not studying.
D'ailleurs, même ceux qui revendiquent leur absence de diplôme sont bien contents de finir par l'obtenir.
Moreover, even those who boast about their lack of degree are happy to end up getting one.
Comme Mark Zuckerberg, qui l'a reçu de l'université Harvard, treize ans après l'avoir quittée.
Like Mark Zuckerberg, who received it from Harvard University, thirteen years after leaving it.
Regardez comme il sourit !
Watch as he smiles!
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Intermediate Interm. | 18 Mar 2018 | Source: Le Monde / Youtube, 18 Jan 2018 | Embed  

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